Glimpse of India- Who Invented ZERO?

Who Invented ZERO?

Zero or the digit ‘0’ is present everywhere. We can’t imagine the evolution and development of technology without the humble ‘Zero’. Do you know that Zero was not known to European people until the twelfth century! What about the other countries including India? They say that Zero was known to Indians since prehistoric times. Let’s go through the great history of Zero.

๐Ÿ Egyptians (1770 BC) used pictographs as numbers whose base was 10. They did have a symbol as zero that was used to indicate the base level of buildings.

๐Ÿ Babylonians (2nd millennium BC) had sophisticated mathematics with number system having base 60. Zero was used as the space between numbers. Note that they didn’t represent zero as 0 but as two slanted wedges (//).

๐Ÿ Ancient Greeks were confused about the existence of Zero. According to them how could nothing be equal to something?

๐Ÿ Until then Zero was not considered to be a digit but a placeholder. It wasn’t even used at the end of a number.

๐Ÿ Chinese used empty spaces to depict zero until the thirteenth century.

๐Ÿ India’s connection with Zero

๐ŸŒท An ancient Indian mathematician Pingala (3rd century BC) represented Binary Numbers as long and short syllables as we use in Morse Codes. He gave the emptiness a Sanskrit name, ‘sunya’.

๐ŸŒทAn ancient Jain text dated back to 458AD contained ‘sunya’ as zero.

๐ŸŒท Ancient Indian mathematical texts showed the use of ‘sunya’, a large dot depicting hollowness. Three samples of radiocarbon dating done in 2017 on manuscripts showed the use of zero (sunya) in 224-383 AD, 680-779 AD, and 885-993 AD. It makes India the first country to use zero as a number.

๐ŸŒท Indian mathematician Aryabhata gave the concept of the powers of 10 that was later developed into decimal-based place value notation.

๐ŸŒท Another great Indian mathematician and astronomer Brahmagupta (7th century) used zero, negative numbers and simple rules of Algebra in his work.

๐Ÿ This is the brief history of Zero/Sunya. There was a concept of nothingness in scholars’ minds across the world. Some used an empty place and some inverted wedges, but one thing is clear that they didn’t give Zero the status of a number. It was India who gave a hollow-round symbol to Zero and showed the world what can be achieved by counting this ’emptiness’ with the already existing numbers:)

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge

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Glimpse of India- Yoga and Meditation

Yoga and Meditation

Yoga has become an inseparable part of our lives. Either you are practising it or watching others doing the same. Health gurus recommend Yoga as one of the best alternatives to cure many ailments. Community parks today are the popular hubs for Yoga enthusiasts. What is Yoga and from where did it originate? Let’s go on the journey of the ancient philosophy for the healthy coordination of body, mind and soul.

Yoga Origin and History

๐Ÿž Yoga was originated in India. Yes, put a full-stop to your curiosity and remember it once for all๐Ÿ™‚

๐Ÿž One of the six orthodox schools of Hindu tradition, Yoga means the physical, mental and spiritual practices to improve the overall health.

๐Ÿž The signs of using Yoga were found in Indus Valley stone carvings.

๐Ÿž Rigveda didn’t mention the practising of Yoga, though Brihadaranyaka Upanishad explains the use of Pranayama (Controlling breath with yoga).

๐Ÿž Bhagwad Geeta and Mahabharata (Religious books of Hindus) also have relevant texts on Yoga.

๐Ÿž Swami Vivekananda introduced Yoga to the western countries in the nineteenth century. After that many yoga gurus started their practice in other countries.

๐Ÿž Buddhism, Jainism and Ajivika schools of thought also followed the yoga directives.

๐Ÿž Yoga means union. Any path that unites/connects you to the superior power is yoga. It can be physical stretching, controlling the breath or meditation.

๐ŸžMediation is focusing on the ultimate power (God/ Brahmana) to achieve self-realization. It is a form of Yoga where we calm the wandering mind by concentrating on a single object, real or virtual.

๐Ÿž Modern Yoga came into existence in the 1980s and it was quite different from the ancient Yoga philosophy. While ancient Yoga was more physical exercises and a spiritual connection, Modern yoga blends western gymnastics with ancient ‘Hath Yoga’. Modern Yoga has been used for physical health and fitness only; the spiritual aspect is ignored.

๐Ÿž The number of Yoga- Asanas grew rapidly in the twentieth century.


๐Ÿž People differed in coming to the conclusion that Yoga is only a physical exercise. Many countries banned Yoga because it was linked with Hinduism. But with time everybody is understanding the benefits of Yoga.

Yoga is a blessing for humans. In a stressful life like ours, practising yoga can bring visible results. These scientifically proven health concepts should be adopted for healthy living. What do you think? Please share your views in the comment box:)

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India- eXplore India in this Lifetime

eXplore India in this Lifetime

Don’t get confused by the title of my post (*wink;)
You would need more than a lifetime to explore every corner of vibrant India. There’s so much to see in this single country. Snow-clad mountains, pristine rivers, tea gardens, beaches, a great many historical sculptures, monuments and what not! You say and India displays it. A vivid area of 3.3 million km square with 1.3 crore diverse people following a variety of cultures and religions defines the country called India.

To justify my title, I will say that the whole of India cannot be covered in a lifetime but with proper planning and execution, YOU CAN eXplore India in a lifetime, rather in 2-3 months.

๐ŸŒท Get a map of India and contact a good travel agent.
๐ŸŒทMark India as North, South, East, West and start planning.
๐ŸŒท Shortlist the important places to visit in each quadrant. Plan your travel in a way such that you can spend 10-15 days in each quadrant.
๐ŸŒท Follow the rules of comfortable travelling. Embrace Minimalist travel and pack less.

๐ŸŒท Book your rail/air/bus tickets in advance to save time and money.
๐ŸŒท Don’t forget to take a good camera with you to save beautiful memories.
๐ŸŒท You can do it, stay motivated with good health and immunity.

I know what’s running in your mind! Coming to that point now.

Which places should be visited in India?
There are tens of thousands of places to visit in India. You want to get the flavour of each and every culture/landform/history. I found this interesting blog that will help you plan to travel India in just 50 days๐Ÿ™‚

There’s another post on Top 100 places to visit in India that’s quite useful.

A few days back, our blogger friends completed #XploreBharat blog series where each blogger gave 2-3 India travel posts. I submitted three posts; providing below the links for you to explore.

1) Things to do in Tripura

2) Freeze Your Moments in Solang Valley- Manali Calling

3) Chandigarh- City Beautiful With a Heart

My personal favorite places to visit in India are:

New Delhi
Leh, Ladakh
Gir National Park
Andaman and Nicobar

There’s so much to eXplore and so little time:)
I hope my post will act as a catalyst to speed up your planning to travel to India. Take my word, ‘eXploring India’ is going to be the experience of a lifetime. So, are you ready with the India map?

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge

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Glimpse of India- Where India Lagged

Where India Lagged

India is a beautiful land of diversity. Our glorious past speaks of the greatness of the people who lived here. The country is rich in minerals, fertile soil and human resources. India gave many renowned scholars who did commendable work in arts, science and technology. Craftsmen, artisans from India are famous all over the world. What happened that our country stopped progressing in some fields. It was India where technology and innovation were first observed. Why in the last few hundred years did India begin to lose its capability to invent? Happiness quotient of India is among the last few countries(!). Records show that the country is progressing but the poor people are becoming poorer and the rich are getting richer. Aren’t you worried?
Let’s search for the reasons because of which India is lagging behind.

๐ŸŒผ Government is creating opportunities for the young people of India yet there’s desperation if we compare ourselves with the other countries of the world. Are the efforts not in the right direction? Check out the probable reasons.

๐Ÿž India is not spending enough on the education of primary and secondary students.

๐Ÿž India’s investment in research work is quite poor. In research opportunities, India is worse than South Africa and Brazil.

๐Ÿž Indian universities have become business hubs. They charge and teach minimal, giving zero importance to research.

๐Ÿž Only a few institutions like IISc, DRDO, ISRO and a few IITs contribute to research but overall the reputation in India is poor as long as the research is concerned.

๐ŸžStartup idea, ‘Make in India’ is not going to be a success in the long run because of limited resources. If India wants to go far in research, it should invest in higher education.

๐ŸŒผIndia’s Happiness Quotient landed at 118 (in 2016), 122 (in 2017), 133 (In 2018) and 140 (In 2019) among 157 countries. You will be surprised to know that India lagged behind Pakistan, Somalia, China and Bangladesh. Reasons? Let’s study the vital parameters for calculating Happiness Quotient:

๐Ÿž GDP per capita in terms of purchasing power scored very bad in India. One-fourth of India’s population is below the poverty line and we couldn’t expect this parameter to work better.

๐Ÿž Healthy years of life expectancy- Basic medical support is not available to the majority of Indians and we failed on this parameter too.

๐ŸžSocial support ( Having someone to count on in times of trouble)- Though India has a strong family system, it lags in social support. How many people speak up when something wrong happens to them? Women safety is also questionable in India.

๐Ÿž Trust ( Absence of corruption in government and business)
In India, there’s a lack of trust in government. In addition, deep-rooted corruption creates a huge difference between the common man and officials. No points gained here.

๐Ÿž Perception of personal liberties- India is a free country but its citizens’ perception of freedom has limited boundaries. Indians are afraid to speak, write, move or even share their opinion in public.

๐Ÿž Generosity ( Recent Donations!)-
Indians do believe in donating but they are not very generous. Many people can definitely donate a part of their income for the welfare of the poor but looking at the huge number of poor people, they back out.

There are many other theories but I’ve listed what stirred me the most.
In my opinion, India should adopt the ‘Gross National Happiness‘ philosophy like our neighbouring country Bhutan. Keep your people happy, everything else will just follow. Please share your views in the comment box below.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India – Vedas and Upanishads

Vedas and Upanishads

Vedas are considered to be the most ancient written texts on the earth. Upanishad is a part of Veda. They are primary texts in Hinduism and have a large impact on Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism. Let me take you on a brushing-up journey to the ancient texts:)


๐ŸŒท The word ‘Veda’ is derived from ‘Vid’ means to know. Hence, ‘Veda’ is knowledge. Each Veda explains the knowledge/secret of life’s various aspects.

๐ŸŒท Vedas have been orally transmitted through generations. We would never know the original authors of the scriptures because the first copy was never written down. The storehouse of knowledge was passed from one generation to the other vocally. It was only after a few thousand years that somebody thought of writing down the sacred texts though the many first copies of Vedas didn’t survive. The first known written copies of Vedas are copies of the Rig Veda and Atharva Veda that are held in the Bhandarkar Oriental Institute in Pune, Maharashtra, India.

๐ŸŒทThere are four Vedas- Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. Each Veda is again divided into four parts- Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanishad. It means Upanishad is the last part of a given Veda, hence also called Vedanta.

๐ŸŒท The first three parts of Vedas Samhita, Brahmana and the Aranyaka are together known as Karma Kanda. It is clear that these three deal with the ritualistic part of life. The last part, Upanishad speaks about Atman and other philosophical aspects of life.
Thus Vedas teach us both physical and spiritual aspects of life.

๐ŸŒทVedas were written thousands of years ago. These texts not only included metaphysics of the truths of existence but also the cosmological events describing time- its beginning and beyond.

๐ŸŒท Rigveda is the collection of ancient Vedic hymns and commentaries on rituals and mystical ideologies.

๐ŸŒท Yajurveda is the compilation of ritual offering formulas when an individual performs rituals before ‘Yajna’ fire.

๐ŸŒท Samaveda is the Veda of melodies and chants that are found in scriptures of Hinduism.

๐ŸŒท Atharvaveda contains the procedures of everyday life. It is different from the other three Vedas as it has spells for healing various illnesses, removal of demons or love spells.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India – United We Rock

United We Rock

I’m trying to connect with the citizens of my country as well as the world through my ‘Glimpse of India’ posts. India, as all of you know, is a vast country with 130 crore people living here. Indian people ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ

Diversity is the flavour of India. Colours of contrasting landforms, cultures, religions merge together and give rise to a vibrant fusion. People from North India are completely different from their country folks from South India, yet they display certain characteristics that are unique enough for all of us to be known as Indian:)

Unity in diversity


My dear fellow Indians! We speak different languages yet known as Indians. We celebrate diverse festivals, still united by the title ‘Indian’. We follow distinct religions however the exclusive qualities of ‘being Indian’ are the same in all of us. Food habits in one part of the country are a complete contrast with the rest of India.
In spite of all the inequalities we flaunt as our country’s flavours, WE ARE INDIANS.

When adversity strikes the country, we fight it together. We display our power of unity to frighten the enemies of the nation. It’s the magic of ‘WE’ that stands tall above all.

There are times when some religious or politically-motivated people try to dampen the spirit of integration for their own profit. It is not in favour of any of the countrymen to get distracted by these troublemakers. Stay united because it’s the togetherness that makes us complete.

Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India wrote in his book, The Discovery of India (1946),
“Though outwardly there was diversity and infinite variety among our people, everywhere there was that tremendous impress of oneness, which had held all of us together for ages past, whatever political fate or misfortune had befallen us.”

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge

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Glimpse of India – History of Science and Technology in Indian Subcontinent

History of Science and Technology in Indian Subcontinent

Hand-propelled Wheel Cart (3000-1500 BCE)


Some of the earliest developments in science and technology are credited to the Indian subcontinent and this makes me feel proud.

1) Going back to the pre-historic period. Indus Valley Civilisation (3300-1300 BCE) existed in this part of the world and a number of inventions were made during this period. The elaborated drainage system, brick houses, urban planning, metallurgy and handicrafts from Indus Valley Civilisation have been studied for a long time. Agriculture got systematic planning in this age. Sophisticated irrigation and drainage system also highlighted Indus Valley society.

2) The ancient religious texts included huge numbers, Yajurvedasaแนƒhita containing numbers as big as 10^12.

3)The earliest Indian astronomical text ‘Vedฤnga Jyotiแนฃa’ (1400 -1200 BCE) has details of astronomical calculations and calendar studies. 27 constellations, 7 planets, 12 zodiac signs and eclipses were also known to Indians at that time.

4) ‘Sushruta Samhita’ (6th century BCE) is an ayurvedic text that has 184 chapters with 1120 illnesses explained. About 700 medicinal plants have been mentioned with the preparation of medicines. Sushruta was the first person to perform cataract surgery.

5) Panini’s morphological analysis was followed by people around the world until the twentieth century.

6) Iron smelting began in India as early as the 11th or 12th century.

Great Bath of Mohenjo-Daro on the bank of Indus river.


7) Kautilya’s Arthashastra (3-4 century BCE) mentions the making of bridges and dams. Mining of diamonds also started first in India.

8) During 1st century BCE, the school of Atomism, Vaisheshika was founded with the philosophy that atom is the smallest particle that cannot be divided further.

Ashoka pillar, Vaishali, Bihar (272-231 BCE)


9) Most probably, the spinning wheel that helped in many inventions in future was originated in India.

10) India is proud to be the first to describe 0 as an individual number. Aryabhata was the person to use the number for the first time. All inventions after the invention of 0 were technologically advanced.

11) Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose was the first person to use semiconductor junctions to detect radio waves. He also invented a device called a crescograph that could detect very small motions within plant tissues.

You can find all of India’s inventions and discoveries ๐Ÿ‘‰ here.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India- Land of snake charmers?

Land of snake charmers?

Ask westerners and they can tell you that India is a land of Snake Charmers. Though a huge number of Indians have not spotted a single charmer in their lifetimes, the foreigners have an assurance that these mysterious persons are quite a common sight in India. I’m sure many people reading this article want to know about these fellows curiously.

What is a Snake Charmer

Snake-Charmer is a person who appears to hypnotize the snakes by playing a wind instrument (Pungi) around them. They take necessary precautions while playing with the snakes. In addition to staying away from venomous snakes, they carefully remove the creature’s fangs before performing the act.

*Earlier, the Snake Charmers were considered magicians or healers. They were the men of high status and knew how to handle snakes and treat person bitten by a snake.

Snake Charmers- A common sight or not!

It seems that Snake Charming originated in India. In Hinduism, snakes are considered sacred and hence worshipped. In the early twentieth century, the government promoted this art to draw tourism.
Today, snake charming is dying out mainly because of the enforcement of the law (1972) to ban the ownership of snakes. Now the snake charmers are not found in every street of India. It doesn’t mean that they have completely disappeared. You can spot them in fairs, famous tourist spots or religious events.

Why is India called a Land Of Snake Charmers?

1) India is home to many venomous and non-venomous snakes. These species baffle our western friends and they see a connection between India and snakes.

2) India has a huge number of snake researchers, snake catchers, snake temples and snake worshippers๐Ÿ.

3) While other countries eat snakes, India worships them.

4) Before 1972, the government of India promoted snake charming to boost tourism. This led western countries to conclude that India is the Land Of Snake to Charmers.

How many times have I spotted a snake-charmer?

Frankly speaking, the sight is not common in India I know. As a small child, the spotting was more frequent say once in 2-3 months. As I grew older, the mysterious snake charmers started disappearing from the streets. For the reason, I explained earlier.

As PM Narendra Modi said, “We are no more land of snake charmers, rather even downgraded and play with MOUSE in Computers and rule the Whole Software world from India to Silicon Valley”.

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Glimpse of India- Beauty of Rural India

Beauty of Rural India

Most of India’s population lives in villages. The whopping proportion of 2:1 with urban areas defines the difference. If you want to experience raw, untouched India, head to its villages. There are farms, cattle, mud houses and a whole lot of simple people who toil night and day in farms to make a living. Rural life is like living in the lap of nature. The amenities of the city are missing but you will have 24×7 free supply of fresh air and water directly from nature’s abode.

Lives of Village Children

Children playing in the streets is a common sight everywhere but in villages, they are free souls laughing and playing without inhibitions. Bug of the formalities of city life hasn’t bitten them. Helping parents in fields or another working place is their first duty. They go to schools but don’t fail to catch up with their friend gang.

Hub of Rituals

Villagers follow many age-old rituals, the city peeps wouldn’t have heard of. They worship natural sources of energy like Sun, Wind, Rain and innumerable Gods. Temples and community centres are busy social hubs.

Craftspersons and Artisans

Villages are where you will find many craftspersons and artisans. The reason might be easily available raw material and the vicinity of nature. It will take extra effort but if you want genuine craft products, catch the producers in villages.

Agriculture aspect

70% of rural households depend on agriculture. Directly or indirectly, 55% of total Indians make a living from agriculture. It means that happiness and the financial status of the majority of Indians are agriculture based. Mahatma Gandhi rightly said that the soul of India lives in villages.

I’m listing here some unique villages, India proudly boasts of.

1) Mawlynnong, Meghalaya is the Cleanest Village of Asia. The village is also popular for its matrilineal society.

2) Khonoma, Nagaland is famously called the Green Village of India because of its clean-green environment and proper sanitation.

3) Kila Raipur Village of Punjab conducts Rural Olympics of India. The village sports festival is popular among sports enthusiasts.

4) Malana, Himachal Pradesh is known as the Ancient Indian Village because it’s considered to be the first democracy in the world.

5) Punsari Village, Gujarat is famous for the technological transformation it has undergone in the last few years.

6) Pothanikkad Village of Kerala has achieved 100% Literacy Rate and deserves a mention.

7) Kathewadi, Maharashtra was adopted by The Art Of Living Foundation and transformed into a model village.

8) Kokrebellur Village, Karnataka is called the Village of Birds. The place is one of the 21 bird breeding sites in India and we can spot many migrated birds here.

9) Dharnai village in Bihar is the first village in India powered by Solar energy only.

10) Shani Shinganapur Village in Maharashtra has no doors. It is considered as the safest village in India.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge

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Glimpse of India – Qissa Kursi Ka, The Political Drama

Qissa Kursi Ka, The Political Drama


The largest democracy in the world, India elects its leaders after every five-year via national-level polling. The elected leaders form the government and control the working of the nation on a set of regulations. India has a multi-party system where many political parties run for general elections and have a capability to come into power, separately or in coalition. My knowledge of politics is too limited to be shared as a lesson but my views are equally important as the registered voter of the country.

Election season but my motive is not to promote any political party;)
Every five years the voters get confused by the high-level political drama. Out of proportion self-praise, promises and sometimes gifts spread a net to catch the votes:D

If this was not enough, the contestants’ blame-game is leaving no stone unturned to baffle us. One accuses the other of being a thief and the other creates a social media war against the first. The open attacks on each other are shaking the ethics of politics in India. A few years back, selecting our candidate was not very difficult. There used to be a limited number of names/parties and we knew where our vote would go. Now it has become a trend to change the political party and we find difficulty in deciding whether to vote for the ‘trusted person’ or the ‘trusted party’!!

Can media be blamed? When used in limits, the media does a great job in broadcasting the news. Once corrupted, it can go to any extreme, shaking the faith of the public. We watch television, read newspapers, scroll social media sites to find what the truth is. On the contrary, repetitive offences by media have left me shattered. Thanks to the sharp media agents, I’m completely confused about whom to vote today. Thanks to the Election Commission of India, now we can opt for NOTA (None Of The Above).

Yes, I will vote!


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Glimpse of India- Parents Who Pamper, Preach And Expect

Parents Who Pamper, Preach And Expect

The other day, I was writing on the importance of family bonding, sacrifices and blessed togetherness. Indian family values teach a person virtues of patience, sympathy and empathy naturally.

These values have an ancient connection when it was necessary for people to stay together. Family became the smallest unit of togetherness. Many families united to form a community; then a village, city, state and hence various regions were defined. There was a need for recognition and the closely-knit families proved to be a strong base of a strong state (or country).

*Every member of the family could feel a considerable family cohesive force. From the youngest to the eldest, each one completed others. Togetherness was their strength.

Cut to today.

Unlike in the past, people are more educated now. They know what’s good for their personal development. Their behaviour is also different from the families of the past.

*Young guns:

Youngsters, today, respect their individuality and don’t tolerate any preachers around! They want their lives to be theirs only. Self-improvement being their ultimate aim(What’s wrong in it?), it’s difficult for them to be obedient to their parents.

*And Parents!

In nuclear families, the attention of parents is limited to their two/three children. In an effort to fulfil their dreams through children, parents pamper them with the best resources they have. Next, children are given good advice (Is it preaching?) for successful living. After dedicating their lives to children, parents expect something (near about everything) from children.

No one seems to be going wrong.

Where does the problem lie? I’m leaving this for my readers to reply. After all, human relations are not rigid like mathematical formulae, these are subject to interpretations;)

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Glimpse of India – Om- Wisdom Decoded

Om – Wisdom Decoded

Ever noticed that Indian prayers and hymns contain the word ‘OM or เฅ’ as a ritual and absence of OM leaves a sense of incompletion. We utter the word and our body and soul get a dose of ultimate peacefulness. Considered the most sacred symbol in Hinduism, OM is the essence of ultimate reality.

1) OM is an inseparable part of ancient manuscripts, temples, monasteries. It is clear that OM has spiritual meaning in all religions.

2) Though considered as the most important spiritual sound by all, the idea of OM is different in different religions.

3) In Hindu dharma, OM is equivalent to ‘Atman’, the realisation of the self. The ultimate aim of Hinduism is to find oneself as the spiritual being rather than the material being. They believe that this world is the journey of spiritual beings, the Atmans, as human beings and not the other way round.

4) Hindu Vedas and Upanishads used the syllable OM extensively. The chanting of mantras is not complete without OM. Spiritual activities like meditation and yoga have meaningful inclusion of OM.

5) OM was first mentioned in Upanishads. The meaning of OM is ‘universally accepted symbol of religion’. Other terms used for OM are ‘Ekakshara’, ‘Omkara.

6) OM is pronounced as AUM. ‘A’ represents the waking state, ‘U’ represents the dream state and ‘M’ represents the unconscious state.

7) In the symbol เฅ, the bottom curve shows the waking state, the middle curve shows the dream state and upper curve is the state of deep sleep. The crescent above the curves is ‘Maya’ that is an obstacle in reaching the ultimate state. The dot at the top is the highest state that is where Atman meets Brahman๐Ÿ™

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge

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