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Glimpse of India- Who Invented ZERO?

Who Invented ZERO?

Zero or the digit ‘0’ is present everywhere. We can’t imagine the evolution and development of technology without the humble ‘Zero’. Do you know that Zero was not known to European people until the twelfth century! What about the other countries including India? They say that Zero was known to Indians since prehistoric times. Let’s go through the great history of Zero.

๐Ÿ Egyptians (1770 BC) used pictographs as numbers whose base was 10. They did have a symbol as zero that was used to indicate the base level of buildings.

๐Ÿ Babylonians (2nd millennium BC) had sophisticated mathematics with number system having base 60. Zero was used as the space between numbers. Note that they didn’t represent zero as 0 but as two slanted wedges (//).

๐Ÿ Ancient Greeks were confused about the existence of Zero. According to them how could nothing be equal to something?

๐Ÿ Until then Zero was not considered to be a digit but a placeholder. It wasn’t even used at the end of a number.

๐Ÿ Chinese used empty spaces to depict zero until the thirteenth century.

๐Ÿ India’s connection with Zero

๐ŸŒท An ancient Indian mathematician Pingala (3rd century BC) represented Binary Numbers as long and short syllables as we use in Morse Codes. He gave the emptiness a Sanskrit name, ‘sunya’.

๐ŸŒทAn ancient Jain text dated back to 458AD contained ‘sunya’ as zero.

๐ŸŒท Ancient Indian mathematical texts showed the use of ‘sunya’, a large dot depicting hollowness. Three samples of radiocarbon dating done in 2017 on manuscripts showed the use of zero (sunya) in 224-383 AD, 680-779 AD, and 885-993 AD. It makes India the first country to use zero as a number.

๐ŸŒท Indian mathematician Aryabhata gave the concept of the powers of 10 that was later developed into decimal-based place value notation.

๐ŸŒท Another great Indian mathematician and astronomer Brahmagupta (7th century) used zero, negative numbers and simple rules of Algebra in his work.

๐Ÿ This is the brief history of Zero/Sunya. There was a concept of nothingness in scholars’ minds across the world. Some used an empty place and some inverted wedges, but one thing is clear that they didn’t give Zero the status of a number. It was India who gave a hollow-round symbol to Zero and showed the world what can be achieved by counting this ’emptiness’ with the already existing numbers:)

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge


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Glimpse of India- Yoga and Meditation

Yoga and Meditation

Yoga has become an inseparable part of our lives. Either you are practising it or watching others doing the same. Health gurus recommend Yoga as one of the best alternatives to cure many ailments. Community parks today are the popular hubs for Yoga enthusiasts. What is Yoga and from where did it originate? Let’s go on the journey of the ancient philosophy for the healthy coordination of body, mind and soul.

Yoga Origin and History

๐Ÿž Yoga was originated in India. Yes, put a full-stop to your curiosity and remember it once for all๐Ÿ™‚

๐Ÿž One of the six orthodox schools of Hindu tradition, Yoga means the physical, mental and spiritual practices to improve the overall health.

๐Ÿž The signs of using Yoga were found in Indus Valley stone carvings.

๐Ÿž Rigveda didn’t mention the practising of Yoga, though Brihadaranyaka Upanishad explains the use of Pranayama (Controlling breath with yoga).

๐Ÿž Bhagwad Geeta and Mahabharata (Religious books of Hindus) also have relevant texts on Yoga.

๐Ÿž Swami Vivekananda introduced Yoga to the western countries in the nineteenth century. After that many yoga gurus started their practice in other countries.

๐Ÿž Buddhism, Jainism and Ajivika schools of thought also followed the yoga directives.

๐Ÿž Yoga means union. Any path that unites/connects you to the superior power is yoga. It can be physical stretching, controlling the breath or meditation.

๐ŸžMediation is focusing on the ultimate power (God/ Brahmana) to achieve self-realization. It is a form of Yoga where we calm the wandering mind by concentrating on a single object, real or virtual.

๐Ÿž Modern Yoga came into existence in the 1980s and it was quite different from the ancient Yoga philosophy. While ancient Yoga was more physical exercises and a spiritual connection, Modern yoga blends western gymnastics with ancient ‘Hath Yoga’. Modern Yoga has been used for physical health and fitness only; the spiritual aspect is ignored.


๐Ÿž The number of Yoga- Asanas grew rapidly in the twentieth century.

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๐Ÿž People differed in coming to the conclusion that Yoga is only a physical exercise. Many countries banned Yoga because it was linked with Hinduism. But with time everybody is understanding the benefits of Yoga.

Yoga is a blessing for humans. In a stressful life like ours, practising yoga can bring visible results. These scientifically proven health concepts should be adopted for healthy living. What do you think? Please share your views in the comment box:)

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge


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Glimpse of India- eXplore India in this Lifetime

eXplore India in this Lifetime

Don’t get confused by the title of my post (*wink;)
You would need more than a lifetime to explore every corner of vibrant India. There’s so much to see in this single country. Snow-clad mountains, pristine rivers, tea gardens, beaches, a great many historical sculptures, monuments and what not! You say and India displays it. A vivid area of 3.3 million km square with 1.3 crore diverse people following a variety of cultures and religions defines the country called India.

But.
To justify my title, I will say that the whole of India cannot be covered in a lifetime but with proper planning and execution, YOU CAN eXplore India in a lifetime, rather in 2-3 months.

๐ŸŒท Get a map of India and contact a good travel agent.
๐ŸŒทMark India as North, South, East, West and start planning.
๐ŸŒท Shortlist the important places to visit in each quadrant. Plan your travel in a way such that you can spend 10-15 days in each quadrant.
๐ŸŒท Follow the rules of comfortable travelling. Embrace Minimalist travel and pack less.

๐ŸŒท Book your rail/air/bus tickets in advance to save time and money.
๐ŸŒท Don’t forget to take a good camera with you to save beautiful memories.
๐ŸŒท You can do it, stay motivated with good health and immunity.

I know what’s running in your mind! Coming to that point now.

Which places should be visited in India?
There are tens of thousands of places to visit in India. You want to get the flavour of each and every culture/landform/history. I found this interesting blog that will help you plan to travel India in just 50 days๐Ÿ™‚

There’s another post on Top 100 places to visit in India that’s quite useful.

A few days back, our blogger friends completed #XploreBharat blog series where each blogger gave 2-3 India travel posts. I submitted three posts; providing below the links for you to explore.

1) Things to do in Tripura

2) Freeze Your Moments in Solang Valley- Manali Calling

3) Chandigarh- City Beautiful With a Heart

My personal favorite places to visit in India are:

New Delhi
Amritsar
Chandigarh
Dharamshala
Manali
Leh, Ladakh
Jaipur
Jaisalmer
Udaipur
Ranthambore
Kutch
Gir National Park
Mumbai
Goa
Andaman and Nicobar
Munnar
Tirupati
Konark
Hyderabad
Bengaluru
Mysore
Kolkata
Shillong
Varanasi
Khajuraho

There’s so much to eXplore and so little time:)
I hope my post will act as a catalyst to speed up your planning to travel to India. Take my word, ‘eXploring India’ is going to be the experience of a lifetime. So, are you ready with the India map?

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India- Where India Lagged

Where India Lagged

India is a beautiful land of diversity. Our glorious past speaks of the greatness of the people who lived here. The country is rich in minerals, fertile soil and human resources. India gave many renowned scholars who did commendable work in arts, science and technology. Craftsmen, artisans from India are famous all over the world. What happened that our country stopped progressing in some fields. It was India where technology and innovation were first observed. Why in the last few hundred years did India begin to lose its capability to invent? Happiness quotient of India is among the last few countries(!). Records show that the country is progressing but the poor people are becoming poorer and the rich are getting richer. Aren’t you worried?
Let’s search for the reasons because of which India is lagging behind.

๐ŸŒผ Government is creating opportunities for the young people of India yet there’s desperation if we compare ourselves with the other countries of the world. Are the efforts not in the right direction? Check out the probable reasons.

๐Ÿž India is not spending enough on the education of primary and secondary students.

๐Ÿž India’s investment in research work is quite poor. In research opportunities, India is worse than South Africa and Brazil.

๐Ÿž Indian universities have become business hubs. They charge and teach minimal, giving zero importance to research.

๐Ÿž Only a few institutions like IISc, DRDO, ISRO and a few IITs contribute to research but overall the reputation in India is poor as long as the research is concerned.

๐ŸžStartup idea, ‘Make in India’ is not going to be a success in the long run because of limited resources. If India wants to go far in research, it should invest in higher education.

๐ŸŒผIndia’s Happiness Quotient landed at 118 (in 2016), 122 (in 2017), 133 (In 2018) and 140 (In 2019) among 157 countries. You will be surprised to know that India lagged behind Pakistan, Somalia, China and Bangladesh. Reasons? Let’s study the vital parameters for calculating Happiness Quotient:

๐Ÿž GDP per capita in terms of purchasing power scored very bad in India. One-fourth of India’s population is below the poverty line and we couldn’t expect this parameter to work better.

๐Ÿž Healthy years of life expectancy- Basic medical support is not available to the majority of Indians and we failed on this parameter too.

๐ŸžSocial support ( Having someone to count on in times of trouble)- Though India has a strong family system, it lags in social support. How many people speak up when something wrong happens to them? Women safety is also questionable in India.

๐Ÿž Trust ( Absence of corruption in government and business)
In India, there’s a lack of trust in government. In addition, deep-rooted corruption creates a huge difference between the common man and officials. No points gained here.

๐Ÿž Perception of personal liberties- India is a free country but its citizens’ perception of freedom has limited boundaries. Indians are afraid to speak, write, move or even share their opinion in public.

๐Ÿž Generosity ( Recent Donations!)-
Indians do believe in donating but they are not very generous. Many people can definitely donate a part of their income for the welfare of the poor but looking at the huge number of poor people, they back out.

There are many other theories but I’ve listed what stirred me the most.
In my opinion, India should adopt the ‘Gross National Happiness‘ philosophy like our neighbouring country Bhutan. Keep your people happy, everything else will just follow. Please share your views in the comment box below.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India – Vedas and Upanishads

Vedas and Upanishads

Vedas are considered to be the most ancient written texts on the earth. Upanishad is a part of Veda. They are primary texts in Hinduism and have a large impact on Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism. Let me take you on a brushing-up journey to the ancient texts:)

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๐ŸŒท The word ‘Veda’ is derived from ‘Vid’ means to know. Hence, ‘Veda’ is knowledge. Each Veda explains the knowledge/secret of life’s various aspects.

๐ŸŒท Vedas have been orally transmitted through generations. We would never know the original authors of the scriptures because the first copy was never written down. The storehouse of knowledge was passed from one generation to the other vocally. It was only after a few thousand years that somebody thought of writing down the sacred texts though the many first copies of Vedas didn’t survive. The first known written copies of Vedas are copies of the Rig Veda and Atharva Veda that are held in the Bhandarkar Oriental Institute in Pune, Maharashtra, India.

๐ŸŒทThere are four Vedas- Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. Each Veda is again divided into four parts- Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanishad. It means Upanishad is the last part of a given Veda, hence also called Vedanta.

๐ŸŒท The first three parts of Vedas Samhita, Brahmana and the Aranyaka are together known as Karma Kanda. It is clear that these three deal with the ritualistic part of life. The last part, Upanishad speaks about Atman and other philosophical aspects of life.
Thus Vedas teach us both physical and spiritual aspects of life.

๐ŸŒทVedas were written thousands of years ago. These texts not only included metaphysics of the truths of existence but also the cosmological events describing time- its beginning and beyond.

๐ŸŒท Rigveda is the collection of ancient Vedic hymns and commentaries on rituals and mystical ideologies.

๐ŸŒท Yajurveda is the compilation of ritual offering formulas when an individual performs rituals before ‘Yajna’ fire.

๐ŸŒท Samaveda is the Veda of melodies and chants that are found in scriptures of Hinduism.

๐ŸŒท Atharvaveda contains the procedures of everyday life. It is different from the other three Vedas as it has spells for healing various illnesses, removal of demons or love spells.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India – United We Rock

United We Rock

I’m trying to connect with the citizens of my country as well as the world through my ‘Glimpse of India’ posts. India, as all of you know, is a vast country with 130 crore people living here. Indian people ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ

Diversity is the flavour of India. Colours of contrasting landforms, cultures, religions merge together and give rise to a vibrant fusion. People from North India are completely different from their country folks from South India, yet they display certain characteristics that are unique enough for all of us to be known as Indian:)

Unity in diversity

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My dear fellow Indians! We speak different languages yet known as Indians. We celebrate diverse festivals, still united by the title ‘Indian’. We follow distinct religions however the exclusive qualities of ‘being Indian’ are the same in all of us. Food habits in one part of the country are a complete contrast with the rest of India.
In spite of all the inequalities we flaunt as our country’s flavours, WE ARE INDIANS.

When adversity strikes the country, we fight it together. We display our power of unity to frighten the enemies of the nation. It’s the magic of ‘WE’ that stands tall above all.

There are times when some religious or politically-motivated people try to dampen the spirit of integration for their own profit. It is not in favour of any of the countrymen to get distracted by these troublemakers. Stay united because it’s the togetherness that makes us complete.

Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India wrote in his book, The Discovery of India (1946),
“Though outwardly there was diversity and infinite variety among our people, everywhere there was that tremendous impress of oneness, which had held all of us together for ages past, whatever political fate or misfortune had befallen us.”

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India – History of Science and Technology in Indian Subcontinent

History of Science and Technology in Indian Subcontinent

Hand-propelled Wheel Cart (3000-1500 BCE)

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Some of the earliest developments in science and technology are credited to the Indian subcontinent and this makes me feel proud.

1) Going back to the pre-historic period. Indus Valley Civilisation (3300-1300 BCE) existed in this part of the world and a number of inventions were made during this period. The elaborated drainage system, brick houses, urban planning, metallurgy and handicrafts from Indus Valley Civilisation have been studied for a long time. Agriculture got systematic planning in this age. Sophisticated irrigation and drainage system also highlighted Indus Valley society.

2) The ancient religious texts included huge numbers, Yajurvedasaแนƒhita containing numbers as big as 10^12.

3)The earliest Indian astronomical text ‘Vedฤnga Jyotiแนฃa’ (1400 -1200 BCE) has details of astronomical calculations and calendar studies. 27 constellations, 7 planets, 12 zodiac signs and eclipses were also known to Indians at that time.

4) ‘Sushruta Samhita’ (6th century BCE) is an ayurvedic text that has 184 chapters with 1120 illnesses explained. About 700 medicinal plants have been mentioned with the preparation of medicines. Sushruta was the first person to perform cataract surgery.

5) Panini’s morphological analysis was followed by people around the world until the twentieth century.

6) Iron smelting began in India as early as the 11th or 12th century.

Great Bath of Mohenjo-Daro on the bank of Indus river.

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7) Kautilya’s Arthashastra (3-4 century BCE) mentions the making of bridges and dams. Mining of diamonds also started first in India.

8) During 1st century BCE, the school of Atomism, Vaisheshika was founded with the philosophy that atom is the smallest particle that cannot be divided further.

Ashoka pillar, Vaishali, Bihar (272-231 BCE)

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9) Most probably, the spinning wheel that helped in many inventions in future was originated in India.

10) India is proud to be the first to describe 0 as an individual number. Aryabhata was the person to use the number for the first time. All inventions after the invention of 0 were technologically advanced.

11) Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose was the first person to use semiconductor junctions to detect radio waves. He also invented a device called a crescograph that could detect very small motions within plant tissues.

You can find all of India’s inventions and discoveries ๐Ÿ‘‰ here.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India- Land of snake charmers?

Land of snake charmers?

Ask westerners and they can tell you that India is a land of Snake Charmers. Though a huge number of Indians have not spotted a single charmer in their lifetimes, the foreigners have an assurance that these mysterious persons are quite a common sight in India. I’m sure many people reading this article want to know about these fellows curiously.

What is a Snake Charmer

Snake-Charmer is a person who appears to hypnotize the snakes by playing a wind instrument (Pungi) around them. They take necessary precautions while playing with the snakes. In addition to staying away from venomous snakes, they carefully remove the creature’s fangs before performing the act.

*Earlier, the Snake Charmers were considered magicians or healers. They were the men of high status and knew how to handle snakes and treat person bitten by a snake.

Snake Charmers- A common sight or not!

It seems that Snake Charming originated in India. In Hinduism, snakes are considered sacred and hence worshipped. In the early twentieth century, the government promoted this art to draw tourism.
Today, snake charming is dying out mainly because of the enforcement of the law (1972) to ban the ownership of snakes. Now the snake charmers are not found in every street of India. It doesn’t mean that they have completely disappeared. You can spot them in fairs, famous tourist spots or religious events.

Why is India called a Land Of Snake Charmers?

1) India is home to many venomous and non-venomous snakes. These species baffle our western friends and they see a connection between India and snakes.

2) India has a huge number of snake researchers, snake catchers, snake temples and snake worshippers๐Ÿ.

3) While other countries eat snakes, India worships them.

4) Before 1972, the government of India promoted snake charming to boost tourism. This led western countries to conclude that India is the Land Of Snake to Charmers.

How many times have I spotted a snake-charmer?

Frankly speaking, the sight is not common in India I know. As a small child, the spotting was more frequent say once in 2-3 months. As I grew older, the mysterious snake charmers started disappearing from the streets. For the reason, I explained earlier.

As PM Narendra Modi said, “We are no more land of snake charmers, rather even downgraded and play with MOUSE in Computers and rule the Whole Software world from India to Silicon Valley”.

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Glimpse of India- Beauty of Rural India

Beauty of Rural India

Most of India’s population lives in villages. The whopping proportion of 2:1 with urban areas defines the difference. If you want to experience raw, untouched India, head to its villages. There are farms, cattle, mud houses and a whole lot of simple people who toil night and day in farms to make a living. Rural life is like living in the lap of nature. The amenities of the city are missing but you will have 24×7 free supply of fresh air and water directly from nature’s abode.

Lives of Village Children

Children playing in the streets is a common sight everywhere but in villages, they are free souls laughing and playing without inhibitions. Bug of the formalities of city life hasn’t bitten them. Helping parents in fields or another working place is their first duty. They go to schools but don’t fail to catch up with their friend gang.

Hub of Rituals

Villagers follow many age-old rituals, the city peeps wouldn’t have heard of. They worship natural sources of energy like Sun, Wind, Rain and innumerable Gods. Temples and community centres are busy social hubs.

Craftspersons and Artisans

Villages are where you will find many craftspersons and artisans. The reason might be easily available raw material and the vicinity of nature. It will take extra effort but if you want genuine craft products, catch the producers in villages.

Agriculture aspect

70% of rural households depend on agriculture. Directly or indirectly, 55% of total Indians make a living from agriculture. It means that happiness and the financial status of the majority of Indians are agriculture based. Mahatma Gandhi rightly said that the soul of India lives in villages.

I’m listing here some unique villages, India proudly boasts of.

1) Mawlynnong, Meghalaya is the Cleanest Village of Asia. The village is also popular for its matrilineal society.

2) Khonoma, Nagaland is famously called the Green Village of India because of its clean-green environment and proper sanitation.

3) Kila Raipur Village of Punjab conducts Rural Olympics of India. The village sports festival is popular among sports enthusiasts.

4) Malana, Himachal Pradesh is known as the Ancient Indian Village because it’s considered to be the first democracy in the world.

5) Punsari Village, Gujarat is famous for the technological transformation it has undergone in the last few years.

6) Pothanikkad Village of Kerala has achieved 100% Literacy Rate and deserves a mention.

7) Kathewadi, Maharashtra was adopted by The Art Of Living Foundation and transformed into a model village.

8) Kokrebellur Village, Karnataka is called the Village of Birds. The place is one of the 21 bird breeding sites in India and we can spot many migrated birds here.

9) Dharnai village in Bihar is the first village in India powered by Solar energy only.

10) Shani Shinganapur Village in Maharashtra has no doors. It is considered as the safest village in India.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India – Qissa Kursi Ka, The Political Drama

Qissa Kursi Ka, The Political Drama

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The largest democracy in the world, India elects its leaders after every five-year via national-level polling. The elected leaders form the government and control the working of the nation on a set of regulations. India has a multi-party system where many political parties run for general elections and have a capability to come into power, separately or in coalition. My knowledge of politics is too limited to be shared as a lesson but my views are equally important as the registered voter of the country.

Election season but my motive is not to promote any political party;)
Every five years the voters get confused by the high-level political drama. Out of proportion self-praise, promises and sometimes gifts spread a net to catch the votes:D

If this was not enough, the contestants’ blame-game is leaving no stone unturned to baffle us. One accuses the other of being a thief and the other creates a social media war against the first. The open attacks on each other are shaking the ethics of politics in India. A few years back, selecting our candidate was not very difficult. There used to be a limited number of names/parties and we knew where our vote would go. Now it has become a trend to change the political party and we find difficulty in deciding whether to vote for the ‘trusted person’ or the ‘trusted party’!!

Can media be blamed? When used in limits, the media does a great job in broadcasting the news. Once corrupted, it can go to any extreme, shaking the faith of the public. We watch television, read newspapers, scroll social media sites to find what the truth is. On the contrary, repetitive offences by media have left me shattered. Thanks to the sharp media agents, I’m completely confused about whom to vote today. Thanks to the Election Commission of India, now we can opt for NOTA (None Of The Above).

Yes, I will vote!

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Glimpse of India- Parents Who Pamper, Preach And Expect

Parents Who Pamper, Preach And Expect

The other day, I was writing on the importance of family bonding, sacrifices and blessed togetherness. Indian family values teach a person virtues of patience, sympathy and empathy naturally.

These values have an ancient connection when it was necessary for people to stay together. Family became the smallest unit of togetherness. Many families united to form a community; then a village, city, state and hence various regions were defined. There was a need for recognition and the closely-knit families proved to be a strong base of a strong state (or country).

*Every member of the family could feel a considerable family cohesive force. From the youngest to the eldest, each one completed others. Togetherness was their strength.

Cut to today.

Unlike in the past, people are more educated now. They know what’s good for their personal development. Their behaviour is also different from the families of the past.

*Young guns:

Youngsters, today, respect their individuality and don’t tolerate any preachers around! They want their lives to be theirs only. Self-improvement being their ultimate aim(What’s wrong in it?), it’s difficult for them to be obedient to their parents.

*And Parents!

In nuclear families, the attention of parents is limited to their two/three children. In an effort to fulfil their dreams through children, parents pamper them with the best resources they have. Next, children are given good advice (Is it preaching?) for successful living. After dedicating their lives to children, parents expect something (near about everything) from children.

No one seems to be going wrong.

Where does the problem lie? I’m leaving this for my readers to reply. After all, human relations are not rigid like mathematical formulae, these are subject to interpretations;)


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Glimpse of India – Om- Wisdom Decoded

Om – Wisdom Decoded

Ever noticed that Indian prayers and hymns contain the word ‘OM or เฅ’ as a ritual and absence of OM leaves a sense of incompletion. We utter the word and our body and soul get a dose of ultimate peacefulness. Considered the most sacred symbol in Hinduism, OM is the essence of ultimate reality.

1) OM is an inseparable part of ancient manuscripts, temples, monasteries. It is clear that OM has spiritual meaning in all religions.

2) Though considered as the most important spiritual sound by all, the idea of OM is different in different religions.

3) In Hindu dharma, OM is equivalent to ‘Atman’, the realisation of the self. The ultimate aim of Hinduism is to find oneself as the spiritual being rather than the material being. They believe that this world is the journey of spiritual beings, the Atmans, as human beings and not the other way round.

4) Hindu Vedas and Upanishads used the syllable OM extensively. The chanting of mantras is not complete without OM. Spiritual activities like meditation and yoga have meaningful inclusion of OM.

5) OM was first mentioned in Upanishads. The meaning of OM is ‘universally accepted symbol of religion’. Other terms used for OM are ‘Ekakshara’, ‘Omkara.

6) OM is pronounced as AUM. ‘A’ represents the waking state, ‘U’ represents the dream state and ‘M’ represents the unconscious state.

7) In the symbol เฅ, the bottom curve shows the waking state, the middle curve shows the dream state and upper curve is the state of deep sleep. The crescent above the curves is ‘Maya’ that is an obstacle in reaching the ultimate state. The dot at the top is the highest state that is where Atman meets Brahman๐Ÿ™

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge

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Importance Of Selecting Good Skin Care Products

Importance Of Selecting Good Skin Care Products

Flawless, glowing skin is everybody’s dream. I’m no different. I want my skin to be perfectly clean, radiant and attractive. My skin care regime lacks consistency and I feel bad for myself. At the end of the day what all I want is quality skin care products to revive my skin.

Why Quality Products?

You can ask me why to use only selected brands when there are so many other options available in the market. Dear readers, I learnt this from my mistakes. Now read this.

What I used to do for clear skin:

1) Drank plenty of water to remove toxins from my body. โœ”๏ธ

2) Exercised regularly for blood circulation. โœ”๏ธ

3) Avoided junk food. โœ”๏ธ

4) Ate healthy, nutritious food. โœ”๏ธ

5) Tried To Keep My Skin Clean By Using ANY SKIN-CARE PRODUCT AVAILABLE!โŒ

The last one was a disaster. Substandard products played havoc with my skin and I realised my mistake.

You want to know what ruins your skin? Here you go!

1) Exposure to dirt and pollution

Save yourself from an excess of dirt and pollution. You can’t escape it because in our world you can’t be 100% safe from pollution. Using quality brands for skin care regime is the only hope.

2) Too much of make-up or not removing make-up before sleeping

Make-up puts you in the beautiful mould but you have to follow some tips to avoid its harmful effects. Sleeping with your make-up on can clog your skin pores and hinder skin breathing. Overdoing or not cleansing it properly will leave residues on the skin and can cause irreversible damage.

How to clean face at home

3) Bad eating habits

Eat healthy and at regular intervals. Understand the metabolic clock working tirelessly for you. Don’t skip meals. Stay hydrated by drinking sufficient amount of water. Limit your tea and coffee intake. Remember- ‘You are what you eat!’

Healthy eating- Changing your eating habits

4) Disturbed Sleep

Disturbed sleep? You may get dull skin and clogged pores. Blemishes and dark circles will follow. I’m not trying to frighten you but this is what we all gain in the absence of proper sleep schedule. Avoid late night gatherings and try to get recommended 7-8 hours of sleep.

5) Not enough exercise

Exercise increases blood circulation, opens skin pores and enhances happiness level (tested and proved). Insufficient exercise will deprive your skin of natural glow. Exercise to cleanse dead skin cells and enjoy forever glowing skin.

6) Low-quality skin care products:

Last but not least! Bad Skin Care Products can damage your skin completely. We often ignore reading the label and fall for fancy packaging. It is advisable not to compromise on the quality of skin care products you use. Select what is best for your skin. Because ‘Glowing Skin is always in!’:)

You don’t want to miss these new arrivals in skin care products to make your skin look WOW!

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Glimpse of India – (Non)Violence that led to Free India

(Non)Violence that led to Free India

How India was colonised is a long story. I’m summarising it for quick reference.
British came to India in the 17th century on the pretext of making it their colony. India was a strong nation at that time under the rule of Jehangir. After the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Empire got weakened and Nader Shah of Persia defeated them. The World was signalled that India had been weakened and hence could be easily captured. East India Company (United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies) used strong naval tactics and built empires on the critical ports of India Bombay, Madras, Calcutta). Slowly but tactfully, the British gained control of India.

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Great Mutiny 1857

There was unrest among the people of India because of the dominance of the British in Indian political, economic and cultural lives. The growing discontent led to the great mutiny of 1857. Indian soldiers refused to use controversial cartridges given to them. Many important Indian princes joined the mutiny along with the aged Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II and his sons. Mutineers took control of many parts of India and shook the British government. The violence and bloodshed made the British rethink about the governance of India. East India Company was completely demolished and in 1858, British Raj rule was established in India.

*Violence was involved in the eradication of East India Company!

Post-1858

British Viceroys and secretaries were appointed to regulate administration in India. These officials had a little or no knowledge about the lives of Indian people. The only objective of the British was to drain India of its resources in all forms. Indians began to express their unwillingness to follow British rules. The struggle for self-rule lasted for about 90 years, from 1858 to 1947. The movement for independence was violent as well as non-violent as people were divided on the basis of opinion. Indian National Congress split into moderates and extremists. A series of activities led India to freedom.

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What was more important in gaining Independence, violence or non-violence? Mahatma Gandhi advocated non-violence and disobedience in achieving freedom goal while there were many like Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh who believed in armed revolution. Both groups targeted the British empire to attain self-rule in India.
It’s unjust to give importance to just one person or a single idea that changed the fate of India. We salute the collective effort of all the freedom fighters whose dream of independence is a reality for us.

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Glimpse of India – “One Masala Chai Please”

“One Masala Chai Please”

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“One Masala Chai Please”. I turned my head to see who the girl with the western accent was. It was normal for me to get astonished because ‘Masala Chai’ is a Hindi phrase and she seemed to be from an English-speaking region.
The girl with golden hair and blue eyes had got up from her chair and asked the waiter for our desi ‘Masala Chai’! It was a group of 10-12 foreign tourists who had checked in the same hotel where we were already staying. Hot Masala Chai was served and we could inhale the soothing aroma of the richly decocted tea. A luxury hotel where we go to enjoy delicacies from around the world, the world is here enjoying our desi Masala tea! I’m proud of India’s traditional tea๐Ÿ™

How to make Masala Chaiโ˜•

Masala Chai is a decoction of various herbs and spices when boiled in water. Traditional Masala Chai requires the following ingredients:

Cinnamon,
Green Cardamom,
Cloves,
Ginger,
Black peppercorn,
Milk (You can make one without milk too)
And of course Black tea leaves!

(PS- The ingredients are not fixed, every home prepares its own version of Masala Chai)

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In our home, we make masala chai by boiling green cardamom pods, cinnamon stick and grated ginger in water till water reduces to half its volume. Tea leaves are boiled along to get the required colour and most importantly, the flavour. Milk and sugar are added to taste. Ah! The pleasure of sipping a hot flavoured Masala Chai!:)

Today they sell instant tea in tea-bags and powdered mixtures to prepare masala chai in a jiffy, but you can’t beat the original decocted version.

Fun facts:

1) The term ‘Chai’ originated from Mandarin Chinese word for tea ่Œถ chรก.

2) ‘Tea’ word in English came from Hokkien Chinese word tรช and the Hindustani word โ€œchai”.

3) Masala meaning spices. The benefits of Masala chai include prevention from cold and flu, aid in digestion and proven anti-inflammatory properties.

4) Masala Chai is famous all over the world and is served in Coffee and Tea Houses as ‘Chai Latte’ meaning tea with milk.

Indians’ romance with ‘Masala Chai’ is a long story that has perfected strength and aroma with timeโค


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Glimpse of India – Languages We Speak

Glimpse of India – Languages We Speak

With each post in ‘Glimpse of India’ series, I make an effort to introduce my country, India to the world and remind my fellow citizens of the rich culture and diversity we are blessed with. Ours is a country of population more than 130 crore where people from diverse regions speak different languages. Ever wondered how many languages these 130 crore people speak? On my ‘Glimpse of India’ journey, this query led me to find the number of languages Indians speak.
Indians speak hundreds of languages and dialects. Many languages have become extinct and others are still in use. The language spoken by more than 10,000 people is counted in census.

Facts

1) India boasts of speaking world’s second highest number of languages(780). The first is Papua New Guinea with 839 languages.

2) Its popular misconception that Hindi is the official language of India. In fact, article 343 of the Indian constitution stated that the official language of India should be Hindi in Devanagari script replacing English at the time of independence. Later, The Official Language Act in 1963 allowed English to be continued as the official language. (Did you know? Hindi is not the official language of India!)

3) Census of 2011 proved that India has 121 major languages. In addition, 1599 other languages are spoken here. The number keeps on varying with the source as there’s a thin line between language and dialect. Definitions of the two vary and hence the number. The final count is released by eliminating the dialects spoken by less than 10,000 people.

4) There are a total of 270 identifiable mother tongues which have more than 10,000 speakers each in India.

5) The government of India has given ‘Classical language’ status to these six languages because of their rich heritage.

Kannada
Malayalam
Odia
Sanskrit
Tamil
Telugu

6) Constitutional Languages:
The Eighth Schedule of the Constitution consists of 22 languages.
These Scheduled languages are-

Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili and Dogri.

7) According to the 2011 census, Hindi is the most spoken language in India with 43.63% people speaking the language.
Bangla comes second and Marathi third.

8) Sanskrit is the least spoken of the country’s scheduled languages and English is the most spoken non-scheduled language in India.

Waoh! Imagine the great nation we live in where language too reflects the diverse culture and tradition. In spite of the variety in languages we are united by the mutual respect and the proud feeling of nationalism.

Beyond words!

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge


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Glimpse of India – Kings and Kingdoms of India

Kings and Kingdoms of India

India has been one of the most sought after countries in the world. Fertile Gangetic plains, abundance of minerals, rivers and seas full of pristine water; our country is blessed with nature’s rich diversity. Rulers and invaders from around the world tried to capture the state from time to time. Fierce wars, mutinies to cultural fusion and intellectual exchange, the interaction with the other regions is reflecting in our lives.
History of India is so vast that shortened version will only lead to more curiosity. I’m doing the same. Brace yourself and go on the discovery to know about the Kingdoms who ruled and influenced India in the past 2500 years.

Founded by Chandragupta Maurya, Maurya Empire (322-187 BCE) is the largest political entity known to have existed in India’s history. Under the rule of Ashoka, it was expanded to about 5 million square Km. In the next 1500 years, India was ruled by various Dynasties.

The rule of Gupta dynasty is known to be the Golden age of India because academics, science, religion and political administration reached new heights during this period (319-543 CE).

In the period between the 7th and 11th century, the Tripartite struggle controlled the country that lasted for two centuries.
The struggle was between the Pratihara Empire, the Pala Empire and the Rashtrakuta Empire. From the fifth century, Chalukya, Chola, Pallava, Chera, Pandyan and Western Chalukya empires controlled south India.

Delhi Sultanate was founded in 1206 CE by Central Asian Turks. Based mostly in Delhi, Sultanate covered a large part of India. The empire is famous for being one of the few to defeat Mongols.

Many Hindu states like Vijayanagar, Gajapati, Ahom, Rajput states like Mewar emerged as big powers. The 15th century saw the rise of Sikhism. In the beginning of the 18th century, the Mughal empire suffered a decline which led others like Marathas, Sikhs, Nawabs of Bengal and Mysoreans to come into power.

Late 18th century to middle of 19th century. India was colonised by British East India Company. Dissatisfied with their rules, people of India rebelled against British government in 1857. 20th century beginning witnessed Indians struggling for freedom, blessed with the same on 15th August, 1947.

You might be interested in the chronology of events in Indian history. Hyperlinks have been added to help you satisfy your curiosity.

Kuru dynasty (c. 1200 BCE โ€“ 500 BCE)

Magadha dynasties

Ancient southern dynasties

Foreign invaders in north-western India

Satavahana dynasty (c. 271 BCE โ€“ 220 CE)

Vakataka Dynasty (c. 250 โ€“ c. 500 CE)

Indo-Scythian rulers (c. 90 BCE โ€“ 45 CE)

Indo-Parthian rulers (c. 21โ€“100 CE)

Western Kshatrapas (c. 35โ€“405 CE)

Kushana dynasty (80โ€“225)

Nagas of Padmavati (early 3rd centuryโ€“mid-4th century)

Pallava dynasty (275โ€“882)

Kadambas of Chandravalli at Chitradurga (345โ€“525 CE)

Western Ganga dynasty of Talakad (350โ€“1024 CE)

Rai dynasty (c. 524โ€“632 CE)

Maitrakas of Vallabhi(470โ€“776 CE)

Chahamanas of Shakambhari (6th century โ€“ 12th century)

Chalukya dynasty (543โ€“1156)

Shashanka dynasty (600โ€“626)

Harsha dynasty (606โ€“647)

Gurjara-Pratiharadynasty (650โ€“1036 CE)

Rashtrakutas of Manyaketha (735โ€“982)

Pala Empire (c. 750โ€“1174)

Paramara dynasty of Malwa (9th century to c. 1305)

Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri (850โ€“1334 CE)

Chandra dynasty (900-1050)

Hoysala dynasty (1000โ€“1346)

Sena dynasty rule over Bengal (1070โ€“1230 CE)

Eastern Ganga dynasty(1078โ€“1434)

Kakatiya dynasty (1083โ€“1323 CE)

Kalachuris of Kalyani(Southern) dynasty (1130โ€“1184)

Chutiya dynasty ruled over eastern Assam (1187โ€“1524)

Bana dynasty rule over Magadaimandalam (c. 1190โ€“1260 CE)

Delhi Sultanate (1206โ€“1526)

Bahmani dynasty (1347โ€“1527)

Barid Shahi dynasty(1489โ€“1619)

Imad Shahi dynasty(1490โ€“1572)

Adil Shahi dynasty (1490โ€“1686)

Nizam Shahi dynasty(1490โ€“1636)

Qutb Shahi dynasty(1518โ€“1687)

Ahom dynasty ruled over Assam (1228โ€“1826)

Baro-Bhuyan (1576-1632)

Musunuri Nayaks (1323โ€“1368)

Reddy dynasty (1325โ€“1548 CE)

Vijayanagara Empire(1336โ€“1646)

Wodeyar dynasty (first rule, 1371โ€“1761)

Gajapati Kingdom (1434โ€“1541 CE)

Maharajas of Cochin(Perumpadapu Swaroopam, 1503โ€“1964)

Mughal Empire (1526โ€“1857)

Mewar Dynasty

Suri dynasty (1540โ€“1555)

Chogyal, monarchs of Sikkim and Ladakh(1642โ€“1975)

Maratha Empire (1674โ€“1881)

The Muslim vassals of the Mughal/British Paramountcy (1707โ€“1856)

Savanur State

Kingdom of Travancore (1729โ€“1947)

Sikh Empire (1801โ€“1849)

Emperors of India (1857โ€“1947)

Dominion of India (1947โ€“1950)

Dominion of Pakistan(1947โ€“1956)

(Chronology courtesy – Wikipedia)

Kings and Dynasties of India video ๐Ÿ‘‰

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge


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Glimpse of India – Joyous Ride through food lanes of India

Joyous Ride through food lanes of India

Inspired by rich heritage and magical herbs, Indian food is nutritious and health-oriented when cooked with passion ๐Ÿ’•

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The inviting aroma of Indian food is due to the herbs and spices used to cook the meals. Spices are an integral part of Indian recipes. Cardamom, coriander, turmeric, fennel, peppercorn, mint, carom seeds, red chillies are some of the ingredients required for Indian recipes.

I found that food is a common connection among all living creatures. Food when cooked and served passionately, brightens up the moment.

Let me take you on a joyous ride through lanes of Indian food. Twenty-nine states of India prepare food in their authentic style. The exclusivity being difficult to match, you have to visit the state to relish the food from that place! Sounds like an impossible job? Worry not. Thanks to globalisation, the world has been shortened by experienced chefs all over the world:)

Kashmiri Wazwan

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Photo credit: Suresh Hinduja for Hyatt Bangalore

Wazwan is a multi-course meal in Kashmiri cuisine prepared using lamb or chicken. The lavish meal is normally cooked during celebrations.
Rogan josh (Kashmir)

Rogan Josh is an integral part of Kashmiri cuisine. Wazwan is incomplete without this richly flavoured, spicy lamb curry.
Bisi Bele bhath from Karnataka

A wholesome lentil-rice meal, Bisi bele bhath has its origin in Mysore. It takes as many as 30 ingredients to perfect this recipe:)

Authentic Andhra meal

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Lavish use of spices, seafood (in non-veg variation), lentils, rice, pickles and chutneys occupy the largest place in Andhra thali.

Assamese thali

Assamese food is simple with exotic, bold flavours. Sour vegetables, duck and pigeon make the meal different from the rest of India.

Goan Pork vindaloo

A fiery, spicy dish from Goa, Pork Vindaloo is popular globally. Vindaloo is served with pork in authentic Goan restaurants. Though ‘aloo’ means potato, the original recipe doesn’t contain potatoes. Restaurants in the UK serve potato-version of Vindaloo.
Maharashtrian poha

Poha is a low-calorie breakfast of flattened rice rinsed and mixed with spices and nuts. Garnished with coriander leaves, poha is a delicious meal when cooked to perfection.

Rajasthani thali

Rajasthani food is influenced by the lack of water in the state. The dishes that stay fresh for long and can be eaten without heating are the speciality of this region. Dal-baati-churma, gatte ki sabzi, bajra roti, kachoris are the best things to try.

Gujarati Khaman dhokla

Fermented gram flour and yoghurt batter is steamed, tempered with mustard seeds and served with coconut/coriander chutney.

Masala Dosa

Most popular south Indian delicacy, dosa is prepared by making a thin crust of rice and lentils. A filling of potato/onion/paneer, spices and herbs are folded in the crust. Dosa is served with sambar and coconut chutney.

Hyderabadi Biryani

A speciality from Hyderabad, Hyderabadi Biryani is cooking rice with meat, spices, saffron, curd and a lot of ghee. Hyderabadi biryani is believed to have been originated in the kitchen of Nizam of Hyderabad.

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This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge

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Glimpse of India – ISRO and its Achievements

Glimpse of India – ISRO and its Achievements

My India-series would be incomplete without mentioning the pride of the nation, ISRO. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is one of the world’s six largest space agencies in the world. With the mission to provide space-based services to the nation, ISRO develops technologies to gain insights through space research programs. Formed in 1969, replacing the existing Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), ISRO is proud to deliver innumerable space services to mankind.

ACHIEVEMENTS OF ISRO

1) India’s first satellite Aryabhata was built by ISRO which was launched by the Soviet Union in 1975.

2) Two rockets, PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle to launch satellite in polar orbit) and GSLV ( Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle to launch satellites in geostationary orbit) were developed by ISRO. Many communication satellites have been launched by ISRO making Indian communication and broadcast at par with the developed countries.

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3) Chadrayaan-1 was sent in space by ISRO in 2008. A Mars Orbiter by ISRO entered the orbit of Mars in the first attempt thereby making ISRO the fourth space agency (First in Asia) to reach Mars orbit. The other three agencies are NASA, The European Space Program and Soviet Space Program.

4) In 2016, ISRO launched 20 satellites in a single payload. It was not the limit. In 2017, the Indian space agency launched, record-breaking, one hundred and four satellites in a single rocket, PSLV- C37!

5) With the launch of its heaviest satellite, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III), ISRO is now capable of launching 4-ton heavy satellites.

6) Three bacteria species having high resistance to UV rays were found in earth’s outer Stratosphere by ISRO.

7) ISRO’s Moon Impact Probe (MIP) detected the presence of water on the moon, back in 2009!

8) Last but not least, a developing country like India has its own observatory. Thanks to ISRO:)

With ISRO we hope to see India setting new milestones in space.

Watch this video to know some Astonishing Facts about ISRO!

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Glimpse of India-Home is where Family is

(Wikimedia Commons)

Home is where Family is

The richness of being Indian lies in strong family bonding. Our lives are inseparable from our families. We create moments of togetherness and cherish forever. It’s a common practice in Indian households to sit together and relish sumptuous meal. Chatting, laughing, playing are so instinctive that unreal modes of entertainment take a back seat. We celebrate our extravagant festivals unitedly and welcome joy.
One member of the tribe faces a problem, all others stand like a wall to help him. Togetherness is our strength and we are proud of it.

Our joint families preserve and nurture the cultural value system and exhibit a strong cohesive force. Introduction of the nuclear family was a necessity but it is depleting our value system.

Today I’m discussing the role of joint family in the changing scenario of society.

1) Indian families are institutions in themselves that teach qualities like patience, sympathy, sharing and understanding, naturally.

The rise in the number of nuclear families is making people more and more insensitive towards the needs of others.

2) In joint families, children respect elders and are keen to learn from them. They listen to moral stories from grandparents and learn everyday wisdom from elders.

With the shortening of extended families, children are fast becoming self-centred. View this from a larger angle and you will see delinquents and criminals growing up in our ‘small, proud homes’.

3) Strong bonding among family members develops a sense of security and this is the beauty of a big family.

Nuclear families feel alone and insecure in the absence of closely knit clan. Result? They don’t believe in others and display traits of anger and possessiveness.

4) Children growing up in a joint family imbibe qualities of patience, tolerance, confidence to speak in a group and sportsmanship.

Nuclear family children are less tolerant and are more likely to indulge in fights and brawls.

I’m not glorifying nuclear families because I can feel there’s a decay in the moral characters of the citizens of India with the rise in small families. I admit that many times it becomes difficult to live with the extended family but young people have started avoiding living with seniors. When a society forgets its values, the decay is not far. I request my fellow citizens to revive the Indian values and save the goodness of our nation.


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Glimpse of India – Land of Gods

Glimpse of India – Land of Gods

India is a land of multiple religions and diverse cultures. Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Buddhism, Jainism; I’m not doing justice by missing some religions here. About 80% of citizens follow Hinduism and most of them bow their heads before a God or Goddess. In our homes, we don’t have one or two but multiple idols installed. In cities, you can spot numerous temples (Hindu places of worship), Gurudwaras (Sikh temples), Churches, Mosques. Only in temples, you will find multiple idols and religious pictures, many depicting some ancient religious story.

How many Gods Hindus worship?

People around the world are curious to know the number of Gods Hindus worship. A misconception that there are 33 crore Gods and demigods in the Hindu religion has taken social media by storm. Misconception, because I couldn’t find authenticity in this number and searched for the real answer.

The religious books of Hindus, Atharva Veda, Yajur Veda and Satapatha-Brahmana mention that there are โ€˜Trayastrimsati Kotiโ€™ Hindu Gods and Goddesses. โ€˜Trayastrimsati’ in Sanskrit means thirty-three. Whereas ‘Koti’ has two meanings- one is ‘Crore’ and the other is ‘Supreme’. Wrong translation of the word ‘Koti’ led to this confusion. People around the world are astounded by the fact(?) that there are 33 crore Hindu Gods.

I’m relieved that I know the correct answer:)

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Glimpse of India- Festivals Galore

Glimpse of India- Festivals Galore

Festivals give us good reason to break the monotony and celebrate the occasion called life. Many festivals are linked with our religious faiths with a strong sense to perform the associated rituals. We have many religions and as many festivals to celebrate our stay on Earth. These remind us that “Whatever stage of life youโ€™re in, remember that the show must go on.”

India boasts of innumerable colourful festivals and strong beliefs assert the dedication. Land of vibrant hues, India with 130 crores people observe the festivities with fervour.

I’m sharing a few popular festivals celebrated in India.

Diwali

One of the most popular festivals, Diwali is the festival of lights. It is believed that Lord Rama fought Demon Ravana and brought back his wife Sita from Ravana’s captivity. The auspicious day of Diwali is celebrated to mark the day when Rama and Sita reached Ayodhya after 14 years in exile.

(Pictures Credit: Wikimedia Commons )

Holi

Holi, the festival of spring is celebrated by lighting up a bonfire and playing with colours the next morning. Holi also has a historical significance, glorifying the victory of good over evil.
Mathura and Braj are famous for Holi celebrations where festivities last for more than a week.

Shri Krishna Janmashtami

Shri Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Lord Krishna, eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu. Traditional events of ‘Dahi-Handi’, ‘Raas-Leela’ are organised in many parts of India. People from Mathura and North-Eastern region enjoy this festival to the core.

Durga Puja

Most popular in West Bengal, Assam, Tripura and Odisha, Durga Puja is the biggest festival of Bengalis. The grand pandals with huge idols of Mother Durga perform Durga Puja for nine days. On the tenth day, Ma Durga idols are immersed in water. Kolkata Durga Puja is not to be missed if you’re in India during festivities.

Eid Ul Fitr

Eid Ul Fitr is an important festival of Muslims celebrated around the world. The day marks the end of one holy month of fasting called Ramadan. The fasting teaches charity, patience, empathy, sympathy and praise for the Almighty as one understands the subordination of human beings.

Ganesh Chaturthi

The festival celebrates the birth anniversary of Lord Ganesha. The clay idols of Lord Ganesha are installed at homes or workplaces and elaborate prayers are performed. On the tenth day, the idols are carried in processions and immersed in water bodies.

Lohri

A popular Punjabi-folk festival, Lohri is celebrated in Punjabi-dominated northern regions of India. The festival marks the end of winter season and beginning of longer days. People lit a bonfire and dance and sing around it.

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge


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Glimpse of India- Exploring Buzzing Bazaars

Pic Credit-

Glimpse of India- Exploring Buzzing Bazaars

If you want to absorb the true essence of India, visit its Bazaars brimming with enthusiastic people. Those who are unaware, Bazaar is the name given to markets which sell goods at a relatively low price. We get more variety in Bazaars that translates into more choice. You can say that air-conditioned Malls provide better ambience and better variety, why would someone go to crowded Bazaars? And who wants to walk a mile or two (In bazaar you have to walk because the streets are narrow) when they have luxurious vehicles at their disposal?

Pic Credit Wikimedia Commons

I understand your query. Online shopping is comfort but street shopping is love. India is famous for its thronging bazaars and people like me won’t let the ritual die out. So guys! I’m sharing my views on why I love to shop in bazaars:)

Pic Credit Wikimedia Commons

1) Variety, Variety and Variety

Expose yourself to the variety these bazaars. These ethnic hubs are open for one and all. Local shoppers, tourists and idlers enjoy the crazy ride equally.
As Paulo Coelho said,
“Accept what life offers you and try to drink from every cup. All wines should be tasted; some should only be sipped, but with others, drink the whole bottle.”
For extensive India experience, get enchanted by the magic called Bazaars:)

Pic Credit- Wikimedia Commons

2) Everyday Fair

These bazaars are popular shopping hubs where people gather to purchase grocery, garments, furniture, books and exotic fast food. There are posh malls in every corner of the country but people are accustomed to buying from traditional markets, bazaars. They hang out for familiar ambience, a variety of goods and a huge difference in prices from the malls.

3) No formalities

You don’t have to dress up in your best to hit the bazaar. Everyday clothes and footwear are more than sufficient to explore. In addition, such dress-up is comfortable moving around on foot. No formalities ensure you are comfortable and the natural best of yourself.

Pic credit- Mumbai Street Shopping

4) Openly Displayed goods

What I love about these bazaars are openly displayed goods and services. You’ll get an idea of what all a shop has inside without actually going inside. There are many stalls and hawkers who don’t even have proper shops to keep the stock.

5) No dearth of enthusiasm

The enthusiasm and energy shopkeepers, hawkers and buyers display in a bazaar is quite infectious. You can find hawkers advertising his products by shouting loudly. One sells his goods keeping in mind that if he charges more, the next shop will offer a lower price to the customer. Bazaars are truly customers paradise.

6) Reduced Prices – Who doesn’t mind saving a buck

Huge difference between the prices is the main reason customers ditch posh malls and head to bazaars. Electronic goods, clothes, home appliances, books; when everything is available at 25-50% less, nobody can refuse unless they have excess money to trash.

Pic Credit- Wikimedia Commons

7) Be an Explorer – You never know what treasure you find in these packed streets!

Some of the best-treasured things have been purchased from bazaars. These places are usually hundreds of years old. One can find amazing craft work, silk and thread work directly from the artisans. This beauty you will never find in malls and if by chance you find, the price will be out of your reach.

8) Meet the artisans
If you are lucky enough, you can meet the artisans working on their art pieces. Another good incentive to explore India’s happening bazaars:)

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

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Glimpse of India- Diversity Enriching Lives

Glimpse of India- Diversity Enriching Lives

India is a land of spices and the most exotic spice is Diversity. Spices add flavour to the food we eat. In the similar manner, diversity is the essence of vibrant life. The culture of India has been influenced by all those rulers who administered the country for years, strong-belief-religions and strikingly contrast regions. We don’t have to bear the same weather throughout the year; there are four extreme seasons showcasing their mighty power every year. People in India speak different languages, National Language Hindi being the common connection. There are rivers, valleys, mountains, seas, plateaus. You can’t go to Switzerland? Visit Himachal Pradesh or Uttarakhand and experience fresh snow. Gulmarg is known as Switzerland of India. Visit pristine Andaman and Nicobar islands for Thailand feel. Thar Desert will fire you up with Sahara like heat. Visit Kerala to create magic moments of Italy!

Why India is so diverse

1) Diverse Geography of India

We have snow-capped mountains, Sea-shores, deserts, plains, hills and plateaus. Fertile Indo-Gangetic Plains cover most of the North India and Deccan plateau give distinct characteristics to South India.

2) Religious Cultures

The culture of India is controlled by the religions people follow. Though most of the people follow Hinduism, there’s a significant number of Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism followers.

3) History

Indian culture is a blend of various cultures. It is the glorious history of the subcontinent responsible for the amalgamation. India prospered during the rule of the Mughals. Architecture and other art forms were promoted and food technology from Eastern countries entered the kitchen of Indian people. When the British ruled India, they influenced the clothing and food habits with a noticeable reflection on language.

The soil of India received cultures from around the world with open arms. Indian philosophy of ‘Atithi Devo Bhava‘ could be one of the reasons behind India’s liberal acceptance.

People from foreign lands came to India and left their impression on the soil of the country. The original culture got modified time and again. A culture that was already diverse met new dimensions to expand. Today, India celebrates festivals of many religions. Food options are plenty because we never let any intruder go back without knowing his secret culinary skills๐Ÿ˜‰

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge

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Lifestyle

Glimpse of India – Crazy for Cricket

Pic credit Wikimedia Commons

Glimpse of India- Crazy for Cricket

In India, we have an unofficial religion lovingly called CRICKET. People like me who do not follow this religion are looked down upon as strangers or more precisely, aliens. You can find children as young as 2/3-year-old posing with a bat and aiming to become another Tendulkar or Gavaskar. Parents too feel proud to see their children toiling for run-race.

The beginning of India’s obsession with cricket goes back to the year 1983 when Kapil Dev and his Devils turned the cricket world upside down by defeating mighty West Indies in the World Cup final. Cricket started gaining popularity in India after the proud win. Proud because it was the first victory of this level to say, ” YES! WE CAN!”
Sachin Tendulkar made his entry to the world of cricket and people got their ‘God of Cricket’. IPL and the satellite television added to the flavour.

We celebrate the season of cricket in India and it is no smaller than any of the natural seasons. Well, literally!
The cricket season has its own characteristics.

1) You can find people listening to cricket commentary by bunking office, college or school during the season. People of higher authority can’t control the breach because the cricket fever grips them first.

Pic credit Sports Keeda

2) Kids learn to play Cricket in small gullies but their dreams are not less than touching the stars. Frankly, this is the only sport Indians find worth-following.

3) When there’s a match with Pakistan, even people like me whose knowledge about cricket is the lowest possible, stay glued to the TV. Nobody wants to miss the excitement.

4) Cricket fever grips all Indians equally. Religion, region, customs, traditions everything comes second to cricket.
Where else do we find an example of equality in diversity?;)

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. Iโ€™m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge


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