Glimpse of India – Languages We Speak

Glimpse of India – Languages We Speak

With each post in ‘Glimpse of India’ series, I make an effort to introduce my country, India to the world and remind my fellow citizens of the rich culture and diversity we are blessed with. Ours is a country of population more than 130 crore where people from diverse regions speak different languages. Ever wondered how many languages these 130 crore people speak? On my ‘Glimpse of India’ journey, this query led me to find the number of languages Indians speak.
Indians speak hundreds of languages and dialects. Many languages have become extinct and others are still in use. The language spoken by more than 10,000 people is counted in census.

Facts

1) India boasts of speaking world’s second highest number of languages(780). The first is Papua New Guinea with 839 languages.

2) Its popular misconception that Hindi is the official language of India. In fact, article 343 of the Indian constitution stated that the official language of India should be Hindi in Devanagari script replacing English at the time of independence. Later, The Official Language Act in 1963 allowed English to be continued as the official language. (Did you know? Hindi is not the official language of India!)

3) Census of 2011 proved that India has 121 major languages. In addition, 1599 other languages are spoken here. The number keeps on varying with the source as there’s a thin line between language and dialect. Definitions of the two vary and hence the number. The final count is released by eliminating the dialects spoken by less than 10,000 people.

4) There are a total of 270 identifiable mother tongues which have more than 10,000 speakers each in India.

5) The government of India has given ‘Classical language’ status to these six languages because of their rich heritage.

Kannada
Malayalam
Odia
Sanskrit
Tamil
Telugu

6) Constitutional Languages:
The Eighth Schedule of the Constitution consists of 22 languages.
These Scheduled languages are-

Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili and Dogri.

7) According to the 2011 census, Hindi is the most spoken language in India with 43.63% people speaking the language.
Bangla comes second and Marathi third.

8) Sanskrit is the least spoken of the country’s scheduled languages and English is the most spoken non-scheduled language in India.

Waoh! Imagine the great nation we live in where language too reflects the diverse culture and tradition. In spite of the variety in languages we are united by the mutual respect and the proud feeling of nationalism.

Beyond words!

This post is a part of Blogchatter A2Z and Global AtoZ blogging challenge. I’m writing 26 posts in the month of April on the theme Glimpse of India. Follow my work on social media platforms with hashtags #AditiWrites, #CelebrateIndiaWithAditi

#BlogchatterA2Z #AtoZChallenge


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29 Comments Add yours

    1. aditi says:

      Thanks 😊

      Liked by 1 person

  1. Khub bhalo likhecho (very well written). Couldn’t resist a comment in Bengali when you have written such a beautiful post on languages.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Loved your Bengali flavoured reply ❀️ Thanks Sonia.

      Like

  2. Rashi Roy says:

    Wow! You are coming up with great posts related to the theme. Incredible India 😁

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Thanks Rashi 😊

      Like

  3. Varsh says:

    Thanks to such a wide range of languages in our country we grow up listening and learning many apart from our mother tongue too.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Glad you liked it 😊

      Like

  4. SundariVenkatraman says:

    Wow! Totally enjoyed reading your post with so much information. I seriously didn’t know that English is the official language of our country. And the total number of languages, dialects spoken is simply mind-boggling πŸ˜€

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Thanks 😊

      Like

  5. vidhya29 says:

    andd another amazing post! loving your series!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Thank you Vidhya!

      Like

  6. I am loving your theme and the posts along with the information dozes. Nice one this post too.

    Liked by 1 person

  7. Another beautiful aspect of India. Language!! Very well portrayed and very useful post.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Thanks Priyanka 😊

      Like

  8. shravmusings says:

    Wonderful theme and you are doing a fab job covering all the unique aspects of India

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Thanks 😊

      Like

  9. Very interesting info, some were known to me and came to know some new.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Same with me

      Liked by 1 person

  10. aditi says:

    I came to know about these facts while reading about the languages of India. Blown away!

    Liked by 1 person

  11. Yes, we are rich when it comes to languages and there many dialects in one single language. Nimma lekhana chennaagide (‘Your article is nice’ in Kannada)

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      Thank you ❀️

      Like

  12. Deboshree says:

    Excellent piece! Our cultural diversity is made richer thanks to our many languages.

    Liked by 1 person

  13. Mayuri6 says:

    This post opened my eyes, literally! I did not know that Hindi is not the official language of India and English is. Should let my husband know that his mother tongue, Telugu has been given the Classical Language status. He will be thrilled!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. aditi says:

      I’m learning many new things while writing this series on India. Happy to spread awarenessπŸ˜ƒ

      Like

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